How to Pass Your Pharmacology Exam First-Time Around!

February 17th, 2018

Introduction Pharmacology can be confusing, particularly when you first encounter the subject. With a seemingly never-ending stream of drug names, side effects, drug interactions and mechanisms of action – where does it end? It can be difficult to find method in this maelstrom of medicinal madness, but it is possible. There are effective strategies you […]

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Medicine Prefixes and Suffixes

February 15th, 2018

When you first begin to study drugs, one thing hits you very, very quickly – namely, the sheer volume of drug names and categories that need to be committed to memory. In an earlier post, we reviewed some great techniques to memorize drug side effects. There, we learned how to categorize and compartmentalize our study […]

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Do you know these 15 pharmacology facts?

February 14th, 2018

Preparing for a pharmacology exam, or even a clinical test – such as the NAPLEX exam? Knowing the essential, fundamental facts about pharmacy and clinical pharmacology are an absolute must. That’s why we continue to churn out the essential knowledge about medicines that you need to know. Below, we review 15 more facts about pharmacology […]

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Everything You Need to Know About Proton-Pump Inhibitors

February 10th, 2018

Overview Proton-pump inhibitors are used in the treatment of peptic ulcer disease, NSAID-associated ulcers, GERD and the eradication of H. pylori infection. They are, then, among the most widely prescribed gastrointestinal-related medicines. PPIs work through the irreversible inhibition of the proton pump at gastric parietal cells; cells involved in acid production. However, proton-pump inhibitors also […]

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Everything You Need to Know About Opioids

January 6th, 2018

An Overview In today’s review, we examine the pharmacology of opioids (weak) such as codeine, dihydrocodeine and tramadol. These opioids are used in the treatment of mild-to-moderate pain; including post-operative pain. They are also used when milder analgesics, such as paracetamol, prove insufficient to counter the patient’s pain. These opioids work as agonists at mu-opioid […]

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17 Essential Facts about Medicines Every Student Should Know

December 15th, 2017

Following on from our enormously popular ‘101 pharmacology facts that every pharmacy student should know’, we’ve built upon those facts with 17 more comprehensive pharmacology facts that you need to know. Some are general, some are specific – though all are important in equal measure. Before you prepare for that NAPLEX test or clinical pharmacology […]

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Your Essential Guide to Aspirin

December 3rd, 2017

Introduction Also known as acetylsalicylic acid, aspirin has – in various forms – been used for the past 2,500 years. It was only as recently as 1897, though, that a German company, Bayer, modified the original precursors of aspirin into a less harmful, more therapeutic alternative. It remains one of the most widely used medicines, […]

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Everything You Need to Know About Heparin!

November 30th, 2017

Overview In today’s pharmacy blog, we examine and review the clinical pharmacology of heparin; an anticoagulant medicine that plays an important role in the treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and arterial thromboembolism. Alongside heparin (and LMWHs), we review the role of a related medicine, fondaparinux – a chemical cousin of LMWHs. Depending on the clinical […]

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Your Essential Guide to Metformin

November 26th, 2017

Metformin is the first-line agent in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. It may be used alone or in combination with other medicines, such as sulfonylureas or insulin. How does Metformin work? Metformin (Glucophage) is a member of the biguanide class of antidiabetic drugs. It lowers blood glucose levels by enhancing the sensitivity of insulin. […]

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Your Guide to Pregabalin and Gabapentin

November 25th, 2017

Introduction Gabapentin and pregabalin are medicines used in the treatment of epilepsy and neuropathic pain. Gabapentin is also used to treat hot flashes and restless legs syndrome and pregabalin has been used to treat fibromyalgia and generalized anxiety disorder. Both are commonly prescribed, both are effective and, for those reasons, both drugs play an important […]

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5 Facts about Corticosteroids You Need to Know

November 23rd, 2017

Overview Corticosteroids are a widely used class of medicines; steroids that can be used to treat an assortment of cancers, inflammatory states, allergic states and autoimmune disorders. Examples of corticosteroids include prednisolone, hydrocortisone and dexamethasone. Corticosteroids work by binding to cytosolic glucocorticoid receptors; binding that helps influence gene expression (downregulating pro-inflammatory cytokines, for example). Below, […]

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How to Memorize Drug Side Effects

November 22nd, 2017

For pharmacy students, one of the most frequently asked questions about their course of study is this – how on Earth can we remember individual side effects and drug interactions of each medicine? To memorize drug side effects, though, you don’t need to remember “individual” side effects and drug interactions. There are some great ways […]

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Pharmacology Online | Your Complete Student Resource

November 9th, 2017

Studying pharmacology online is nothing new. Very few resources, though, are targeted toward the everyday facts that students of pharmacy, medicine, nursing and pharmacology are expected to know; the essential, fundamental facts that often become lost within the maelstrom of heavy, textbook detail. That’s where PharmaFactz comes in. Our resources are tailored toward the everyday […]

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Your 60 Second Guide to Antidiabetic Drugs!

November 7th, 2017

Studying antidiabetic drugs for an exam but don’t know where to start? Today, we distil down the essential pharmacology facts that you, as a pharmacy student, are expected to know. Perhaps you’re revising for a pharmacology exam, a clinical exam or even the NAPLEX. Whatever you’re prepping for, our ultimate 60 second guide is sure […]

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21 Bizarre Drug Name Origins

November 7th, 2017

As a pharmacy student, it can be difficult to recall medicine names at the best of times. The wide variety of drugs, each married to their own galaxy of brand names, makes learning medicines a robust and challenging task. You can, though, learn an awful lot about a medicine based on its name alone. Montelukast, […]

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NAPLEX Sample Questions – Gastrointestinal 1

October 6th, 2017

Each week, we’re going to present you with 5 rapid revision NAPLEX test questions. Our weekly NAPLEX sample questions will have a specific focus – this week we focus on gastrointestinal quiz questions. As with the NAPLEX exam, we provide a question and four possible answers. Come back to our pharmacy blog every Friday for […]

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Free NAPLEX Sample Questions for Pharmacy Students

September 30th, 2017

The NAPLEX exam measures how competent you, as a pharmacy student, are to practice as a pharmacist. The exam is both thorough and challenging. It demands that you have a solid, all-round understanding of pharmacology, clinical pharmacy and professional practice. Below, our free NAPLEX sample questions give you some idea as to what information and […]

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13 Anticonvulsant Drug Facts that Every Pharmacy Student Should Know

September 25th, 2017

Anticonvulsants are drugs used to treat epileptic seizures. Sometimes these pharmacological agents are referred to as antiepileptic drugs or anti-seizure drugs. Whichever nomenclature we decide to use, one thing is certain – that this drug class has an immensely important therapeutic role. Some drugs, though defined as anticonvulsant drugs, are also used to treat other […]

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660 Pharmacy Exam Questions | Pass Your Pharmacy Test Today

September 17th, 2017

In summary… Are you a pharmacy student studying for the NAPLEX exam? Struggling to find pharmacy exam questions that cover the real detail you need to know? Perhaps you’re based in the UK or Ireland, studying for a clinical pharmacy test – trying to gain your professional license. No matter where you are based, we […]

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25 Facts about Anticancer Drugs that Every Pharmacy Student Should Know

September 16th, 2017

Following on from our hugely popular 101 Pharmacology Facts that Every Pharmacy Student Should Know, we’ve come back with a more niche, but no less important, alternative – facts about anticancer drugs. That’s because the topic of anticancer drugs is quite a complex one. There are innumerable drug classes, regimens, mechanisms, adverse effects and drug […]

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ACE Inhibitors | The Essential Student Guide

September 15th, 2017

In summary… ACE inhibitors are among the most widely used drugs in the treatment of cardiovascular disease. As inhibitors of angiotensin converting enzyme, these drugs are used in the treatment of conditions such as hypertension, chronic heart failure, ischemic heart disease and diabetic nephropathy. Examples of ACE inhibitors include perindopril, enalapril, lisinopril and ramipril. ACE […]

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Aminoglycosides | The Essential Student Guide

September 9th, 2017

In summary… Aminoglycosides are among the most widely used antibacterial drugs. This class includes members such as tobramycin, gentamicin and netilmicin – drugs that target aerobic Gram-negative microorganisms (such as Pseudomonas, Enterobacter and Acinetobacter) by disrupting the inner workings of protein synthesis. Their medicinal action is bactericidal in effect. Aminoglycosides are used to treat a […]

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Why Patients Take Medicines Four Times Daily

January 4th, 2017

Patients often ask the question – why do I have to take this medicine once daily and that medicine four times daily? They might even wonder what four times daily really means – does it refer to waking hours or does it refer to the entire 24-hour clock? First and foremost, let’s consider half-life. The […]

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101 Pharmacology Facts that Every Pharmacy Student Should Know

December 16th, 2016

While it’s impossible to summarise every conceivable fact, this list goes some way toward that goal. It includes 101 facts that every pharmacy student should know – facts that touch indications, mechanisms of action, side effects, drug interactions and other clinical factors; a great addition to your NAPLEX revision. Want access to thousands more? Register […]

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Bacteriostatic Antibiotics – What are they!?

December 9th, 2016

[fusion_builder_container hundred_percent=”no” equal_height_columns=”no” hide_on_mobile=”small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility” background_position=”center center” background_repeat=”no-repeat” fade=”no” background_parallax=”none” parallax_speed=”0.3″ video_aspect_ratio=”16:9″ video_loop=”yes” video_mute=”yes” overlay_opacity=”0.5″ border_style=”solid”][fusion_builder_row][fusion_builder_column type=”1_1″ layout=”1_1″ background_position=”left top” background_color=”” border_size=”” border_color=”” border_style=”solid” border_position=”all” spacing=”yes” background_image=”” background_repeat=”no-repeat” padding=”” margin_top=”0px” margin_bottom=”0px” class=”” id=”” animation_type=”” animation_speed=”0.3″ animation_direction=”left” hide_on_mobile=”small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility” center_content=”no” last=”no” min_height=”” hover_type=”none” link=””][fusion_text] What are bacteriostatic antibiotics? Antibiotics (also referred to as ‘antibacterial drugs’) are drugs used […]

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Iron Interactions with Drugs

December 8th, 2016

What is iron? Most people receive enough iron through their diet; an essential mineral for red blood cells. In fact, almost three-quarters of the body’s iron can be found inside red blood cells; their role involving, in part, the transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide around the body. Food sources high in iron include red […]

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Pharmacology Mnemonics

July 28th, 2016

Students of pharmacology – whether they be students of medicine, pharmacy, or pharmacology itself – are obliged to commit a great deal of information to memory. These details include everything from classes and mechanisms, to side effects and drug interactions. Such is the breadth and depth of the subject of pharmacology, it can, for many, […]

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Pharmacology for Nurses | Pass Your Pharmacology Test Today

July 25th, 2016

Learning pharmacology online has never been easier. At PharmaFactz, we have developed a comprehensive online resource that caters not only to nursing students, but also for students who study medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, pharmacology, and medicinal chemistry. The purpose is simple – to make the study and recall of medicines – their names, uses, side effects […]

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Food-Drug Interactions that Every Pharmacist Should Know

February 1st, 2016

What patients eat or drink can have enormous consequences on how a drug works. Some drugs are best taken on an empty stomach, whereas many more are advised to be taken with food – or even with a great deal of liquid. Some medicines even react with seemingly innocuous substances like coffee or milk. Medical […]

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WHO List of Essential Medicines

January 12th, 2016

The World Health Organisation (WHO) is an arm of the United Nations which came into being in April, 1948 – itself currently headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. It plays an important role in stemming the spread of communicable diseases – such as HIV and malaria – and non-communicable health matters – such as sexual health and […]

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Prescription Abbreviations

December 5th, 2015

Prescription abbreviations (and acronyms) form the building blocks of many medical scripts. Their use has, in effect, become a tradition in the medical world – even though their use can only add to the risk of misinterpretation. There are, however, many other reasons why such abbreviations are becoming less and less popular – though their […]

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Topical Agents to Treat Neuropathic Pain?

June 29th, 2015

I first learned of proprietary topical blends used to treat neuropathic pain when I was asked to consult for a drug company which produces a variety of these formulations. Essentially, they utilize oral medications which are already employed to treat neuropathic pain as topical formulations for application directly to the area of pain. I was […]

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Common Terms in Pharmacology

December 6th, 2014

It’s easy to forget many of the common terms in pharmacology, not least because of the sheer variety of competing terms required to be committed to memory. This section combines the most common terms in pharmacology, serving as a convenient repository of pharmacology terms to aid future study. A B C D E F G […]

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Top 10 Best Ways to Remove Phlegm from your Throat

December 6th, 2014

Separate fact from fiction with this top 10 best ways to remove phlegm from your throat – examining the most effective ways to resolve the symptoms of your cold or flu. Using antibiotics is not the way to go, though. Antibiotics are used in the treatment of bacterial infections, not viral infections. The common cold […]

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