Pharmacology Guides 2017-07-13T13:04:09+00:00

Pharmacology Guides

Whether its tetracyclines or anti-inflammatory drugs, this section offers comprehensive pharmacology guides on some of the main drug classes in therapeutic use today.

  • Pharmacology of Protease Inhibitors

Pharmacology of Protease Inhibitors

January 14th, 2017|0 Comments

An estimated 1.2 million people over the age of 13 are living with HIV in the United States, according to [...]

  • What is the difference between a drug & a medicine?

What is the difference between a drug and a medicine?

January 11th, 2017|0 Comments

There are many overlapping terms in medicine. Side effects and adverse effects, for example, being two of the most common. [...]

  • Half-Life & The Elimination Constant

Half-Life & The Elimination Constant

December 28th, 2016|0 Comments

Now that we have covered what is meant by terms volume of distribution and clearance, we can now turn out [...]

  • Fifth-Generation Cephalosporins – What are they?

Fifth-Generation Cephalosporins – What are they?

December 13th, 2016|0 Comments

Cephalosporin generations have confused tens of thousands of students; their names and individual characteristics proving to be nothing other than [...]

  • Fourth-Generation Cephalosporins – What are they?

Fourth-Generation Cephalosporins – What are they?

December 13th, 2016|0 Comments

Cephalosporin generations have confused tens of thousands of students; their names and individual characteristics proving to be nothing other than [...]

  • Third-Generation Cephalosporins – What are they?

Third-Generation Cephalosporins – What are they?

December 13th, 2016|0 Comments

Cephalosporin generations have confused tens of thousands of students; their names and individual characteristics proving to be nothing other than [...]

  • Second-Generation Cephalosporins - What are they?

Second-Generation Cephalosporins - What are they?

December 13th, 2016|0 Comments

Cephalosporin generations have confused tens of thousands of students; their names and individual characteristics proving to be nothing other than [...]

  • First-Generation Cephalosporins - What are they?

First-Generation Cephalosporins – What are they?

December 13th, 2016|0 Comments

Cephalosporin generations have confused tens of thousands of students; their names and individual characteristics proving to be nothing other than [...]

  • Pharmacology of Alzheimer's Disease

Pharmacology of Alzheimer's Disease

December 4th, 2016|0 Comments

What is Alzheimer’s disease Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive mental deterioration of the brain; itself accounting for almost three-fifths of [...]

  • Pharmacology of Antihypertensive Drugs

Pharmacology of Antihypertensive Drugs

March 31st, 2016|0 Comments

Introduction In this section we take a quick look at the pharmacology of antihypertensive drugs – looking at the various [...]

  • Pharmacology of Fibrinolytic Drugs

Pharmacology of Fibrinolytic Drugs

March 29th, 2016|0 Comments

Introduction In haemostasis pharmacology we have antiplatelet drugs, anticoagulant drugs, and fibrinolytic drugs. Aren’t they similar? What are the differences? [...]

  • Pharmacology of Anticoagulant Drugs (Oral)

Pharmacology of Anticoagulant Drugs (Oral)

March 26th, 2016|1 Comment

Introduction We’ve already discussed the pharmacology of injectable anticoagulants, so now we’re going to turn our attention to their oral [...]

  • Pharmacology of Parkinson's Disease

Pharmacology of Parkinson's Disease

March 25th, 2016|0 Comments

Introduction Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder, currently affecting over 1 million people in the United States. Men are 1.5 [...]

  • Pharmacology of Anticoagulant Drugs (Injectables)

Pharmacology of Anticoagulant Drugs (Injectables)

March 23rd, 2016|0 Comments

Introduction Anticoagulant drugs, as their name suggests, prevent the clotting – or coagulation – of blood. There are two types [...]

  • Pharmacology of Antiplatelet Drugs

Pharmacology of Antiplatelet Drugs

March 22nd, 2016|0 Comments

Introduction Let’s now turn our attention to the pharmacology of antiplatelet drugs – medicines which are used to inhibit the [...]

  • Pharmacology of Antimicrobial Agents

Pharmacology of Antimicrobial Agents

March 21st, 2016|0 Comments

Introduction Here, we offer an overview of the pharmacology of antimicrobial agents – specifically, those drugs deployed in the treatment [...]

  • Pharmacology of HIV Drugs

Pharmacology of HIV Drugs

March 21st, 2016|0 Comments

Introduction Today we’re looking at the pharmacology of HIV drugs – including reverse transcriptase inhibitors, protease inhibitors, entry inhibitors, integrase [...]

  • Pharmacology of Cephalosporins

Pharmacology of Cephalosporins

March 20th, 2016|0 Comments

Introduction Let’s take a quick glance at the pharmacology of cephalosporins – drugs which are used in the treatment of [...]

  • Pharmacology of Tetracyclines

Pharmacology of Tetracyclines

March 19th, 2016|0 Comments

Introduction Let’s take a quick glance at the pharmacology of tetracyclines - drugs which interfere with bacterial protein synthesis. In [...]

  • Pharmacology of Penicillin

Pharmacology of Penicillin

February 10th, 2016|0 Comments

Penicillin is a true antibiotic, developed as it was out of the Penicillium fungi. It was first discovered by the [...]

  • Pharmacology of Immunosuppressant Drugs

Pharmacology of Immunosuppressant Drugs

January 28th, 2016|0 Comments

The immune system is responsible for protecting the host organism against pathogens and tumour cells. It is composed of two [...]

  • Pharmacology of Diuretics

Pharmacology of Diuretics

December 15th, 2015|0 Comments

We begin with the kidney – a small bean-shaped organ which weighs, on average, around 130-170 grams in males and [...]

  • Pharmacology of Beta Blockers

Pharmacology of Beta Blockers

December 8th, 2015|0 Comments

The pharmacology of beta blockers was conceived in 1964 when Dr James Black – a Scottish pharmacologist – developed the [...]

  • Pharmacology of NSAIDs

Pharmacology of NSAIDs

December 7th, 2015|0 Comments

The pharmacology of NSAIDs is broad and diverse, yet the function of NSAIDs can be summarised quite neatly. NSAIDs have [...]

  • Pharmacology of Antifungal Drugs

Pharmacology of Antifungal Drugs

November 23rd, 2015|0 Comments

When compared to antibacterial drugs, there are remarkably few antifungal drugs. These drugs have been designed to respond to infections [...]

  • Pharmacology of Quinolones

Pharmacology of Quinolones

November 13th, 2015|0 Comments

Quinolones, also known as fluoroquinolones, are a class of drugs used in the treatment of bacterial infections. The first quinolone [...]

  • Pharmacology of ACE Inhibitors

Pharmacology of ACE Inhibitors

November 12th, 2015|1 Comment

ACE inhibitors (angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors) are a class of drugs used in the treatment hypertension, heart disease, and chronic kidney failure. [...]

  • Pharmacology of SSRIs

Pharmacology of SSRIs

November 12th, 2015|0 Comments

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, more commonly referred to as SSRIs, are a class of drugs involved in the treatment of [...]

  • Pharmacology of Aminosalicylates

Pharmacology of Aminosalicylates

October 19th, 2015|0 Comments

Aminosalicylates are used in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. Examples include balsalazide, mesalazine, olsalazine and sulfasalazine. Inflammatory bowel disease [...]

  • Pharmacology of Aminoglycosides

Pharmacology of Aminoglycosides

October 17th, 2015|0 Comments

Aminoglycosides are antibacterial drugs used in the treatment of – predominantly – gram-negative infections. They are also inactive against anaerobic [...]

  • Pharmacology of Insulin Analogues

Pharmacology of Insulin Analogues

October 16th, 2015|0 Comments

When the body fails to secrete sufficient quantities of insulin, this invariably results in diabetes mellitus – itself caused by [...]

  • Pharmacology of Bisphosphonates

Pharmacology of Bisphosphonates

October 16th, 2015|0 Comments

Bisphosphonates are drugs used in the treatment of osteoporosis, Paget’s disease and multiple myeloma. Examples of bisphosphonates include alendronic acid, [...]

  • Pharmacology of Calcium Channel Blockers

Pharmacology of Calcium Channel Blockers

October 15th, 2015|0 Comments

Calcium channel blockers are drugs which disrupt the transfer of calcium ions through calcium channels. Examples include amlodipine, diltiazem, nifedipine [...]

  • Pharmacology of Macrolide Antibiotics

Pharmacology of Macrolide Antibiotics

October 12th, 2015|0 Comments

Macrolide antibiotics are, to put it at its simplest, antibiotics which contain a macrocyclic lactone ring. These drugs work by [...]

  • Pharmacology of Antidiarrheal Drugs

Pharmacology of Antidiarrheal Drugs

December 4th, 2014|0 Comments

This articles looks at the pharmacology of antidiarrhoeal drugs; exploring the classes of drugs used in the management of this [...]

  • Pharmacology of Constipation

Pharmacology of Constipation

December 4th, 2014|0 Comments

Constipation is one of the most common, as well as one of the more frustrating, symptoms that patients encounter. Here, [...]

  • Pharmacology of Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Pharmacology of Inflammatory Bowel Disease

December 4th, 2014|0 Comments

This section looks at the pharmacology of inflammatory bowel disease; understanding the drugs involved in the management of both Crohn's [...]

  • Pharmacology of Antiemetics

Pharmacology of Antiemetics

December 4th, 2014|1 Comment

This section takes a comprehensive look at the pharmacology of antiemetics; looking at the aetiological factors that give rise to [...]

  • Drugs Affecting Gastric Acid Secretion and Motility

Drugs Affecting Gastric Acid Secretion and Motility

December 4th, 2014|0 Comments

This article explores the pharmacology of drugs that affect gastric acid secretion and motility. It begins by exploring the physiological [...]

  • Medicinal Chemistry — Drug Metabolism

Medicinal Chemistry — Drug Metabolism

December 3rd, 2014|0 Comments

This section takes a look at drug metabolism - specifically, it provides a short overview of the various common conjugation [...]

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