Each week we compile all the latest pharmacology facts released on our social media platforms. This is great pharmacology for students, as these facts are bite-sized, random, and often important facts that all students of medicine should commit to memory.
Mnemonics and mindmaps are another great way to commit pharmacology to memory. Be sure to check out our mnemonic and mindmap galleries. If you’d like to learn more about specific drug classes, check out these more detailed articles for more information.
- Fondaparinux is an anticoagulant drug used to prevent deep vein thrombosis (DVT) – it works through inhibition of factor Xa.
- There are two types of heparin: unfractionated heparin (subcutaneous/IV routes) and low-molecular weight heparins (subcutaneous route only), such as enoxaparin and dalteparin.
- Midazolam is a short-acting benzodiazepine used for procedural sedation, anaesthesia, agitation, and some forms of epilepsy. It has a half-life of 1.5-2 hours.
- Leuprolide (leuprorelin) is a GnRH analogue used to treat prostate and breast cancers. It can also be used to treat precocious puberty and endometriosis.
- Disulfiram is used to treat chronic alcoholism by producing an acute sensitivity reaction to ethanol by inhibiting the enzyme acetaldehyde dehydrogenase; the enzyme required to metabolise alcohol in the liver.
- Quetiapine (Seroquel) is an atypical antipsychotic used for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Common side effects include dry mouth, dizziness, headache, somnolence. It can also, when used with other drugs, be used to treat depression.
- Gabapentin - first approved in 1993 - is used to treat epilepsy, hot flashes, neuropathic pain, and restless legs syndrome.
- Side effects with gabapentin include dizziness, sleepiness, peripheral edema, ataxia, sexual dysfunction, and – in some patients – even suicidal ideation.
- Bupropion is used as a smoking cessation drug. It is a norepinephrine-dopamine reuptake inhibitor (NDRI) – it is contraindicated in patients with epilepsy.
- Tiagabine is used, alongside other drugs, to treat partial seizures (in those over 12 years); it is a GABA reuptake inhibitor (GRI).
Mnemonics and mindmaps are also another great way to commit pharmacology to memory. But if you’d like to learn more about specific drug classes, check out these more detailed articles for more information.
Take two minutes to check out last week's facts here!