Take 60 seconds to review all the latest pharmacology facts released on our social media platforms over the past week. These are the essential, most fundamental facts that students who study medicines should commit to memory.
- Long-term use of metformin, a first-line drug used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes, has the potential to cause vitamin B12 deficiency.
- Aspirin can cause the potentially fatal Reye syndrome if administered to young people.
- Atomoxetine is a drug used in the treatment of ADHD, it works in part as a norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor.
- Blurred vision, difficulty urinating, dry mouth and constipation are collectively referred to as anticholinergic side effects.
- Cilostazol is used in the treatment of intermittent claudication, a condition that causes patients to experience discomfort in their legs while walking, with this discomfort alleviating on rest.
- Thiazide diuretics lower blood pressure at doses lower than that required to produce diuresis.
- Warfarin takes its name from WARF – Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation, who supported its research, and ARIN, from ‘coumarin’, its chemical precursor.
- Premarin, whose active ingredients are conjugated estrogens, is used to treat menopausal symptoms. Its name comes from the source from which it was originally extracted, ‘pregnant mare’s urine’.
- The trade name of cimetidine – Tagamet – takes its name from the fact that cimetidine antagonizes H2
- Tylenol takes its name from the chemical name of its active ingredient – N-aceTYL-para-aminophENOL.
- Carbamazepine is a drug used in the treatment of seizures (tonic-clonic, partial and mixed), trigeminal neuralgia and episodes of bipolar I disorder.
Take two minutes to check out last week's facts here!