Each week we compile all the latest pharmacology facts released on our social media platforms. This is great pharmacology for students, as these facts are bite-sized, random, and often important facts that all students of medicine should commit to memory.
- Red man syndrome (characterised by upper body rash) is an infusion-based reaction associated with vancomycin, a glycopeptide antibiotic.
- Fluoroquinolones - such as ciprofloxacin - are broad-spectrum antibacterial drugs associated with an increased risk of tendon damage.
- Teicoplanin is a glycopeptide antibiotic used to treat serious Gram-positive infections caused by organisms such as MRSA and Enterococcus faecalis.
- Dapsone is a drug which, when used alongside rifampicin and clofazimine, is used in the treatment of leprosy.
- Activated charcoal is used to treat poisonings (not cyanide, though) and overdoses caused by the oral ingestion of certain drugs.
- Boceprevir is a protease inhibitor used to treat Hepatitis C Genotype 1. It binds to the non-structural protein 3 (NS3) site.
- Atazanavir is a protease inhibitor used, alongside other drugs, to treat HIV. It is less likely to cause lipodystrophy than other HIV drugs.
- Naproxen is an NSAID of the propionic class used for pain, swelling and stiffness. It has an intermediate risk, when compared to other NSAIDs, of stomach ulceration.
- Rhabdomyolysis, a condition characterised by muscle breakdown, is a low risk with statins; drugs that lower LDL cholesterol.
- Pharmacoviligance is the practice of monitoring the effects of drugs after they have been licensed for use - focusing on ADRs.
- An adverse drug reaction (ADR) is injury caused by medicine. This differs from a 'side effect' as the latter can also be therapeutic.
- The medicinal herb feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium) is commonly used to prevent migraine. The herb should be avoided by pregnant women.
Mnemonics and mindmaps are also another great way to commit pharmacology to memory. But if you’d like to learn more about specific drug classes, check out these more detailed articles for more information.
Check out last week's pharmacology facts here!