Each week we compile all the latest pharmacology facts released on our social media platforms. This is great pharmacology for students, as these facts are bite-sized, random, and often important facts that all students of medicine should commit to memory.
- Dapsone, clofazimine, and rifampicin are drugs used in combination in the treatment of leprosy. There are over 200 new cases of leprosy in the United States each year.
- Fludrocortisone has weak glucocorticoid and strong mineralocorticoid potency – it is used in the treatment of Addison's disease, a disease caused due to adrenal insufficiency.
- (1/3) Aldosterone is a mineralocorticoid hormone produced by the zona glomerulosa of the adrenal cortex of the adrenal gland.
- (2/3) Aldosterone plays a role in: promoting sodium and water retention, secreting potassium ions, and it is also important for blood pressure regulation.
- (3/3) Aldosterone antagonists include spironolactone and eplerenone. These drugs are used, for example, in the management of chronic heart failure.
- The word 'antibacterial' comes from the Greek to mean 'against staffs/canes', because the first discovered bacteria were rod-shaped.
- Aldesleukin (interleukin 2) is a biological therapy drug used in the treatment of kidney cancer. It is known to have a narrow therapeutic window.
- Long-term side effects of prednisone: type 2 diabetes, truncal weight gain, osteoporosis, glaucoma, Cushing's syndrome, and depression.
- Montelukast is a leukotriene receptor antagonist (LTRA) used in the treatment of asthma (maintenance) and seasonal allergies.
- Tafluprost is a drug used in the treatment of open-angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension. It works as a prostaglandin analogue.
- Physostigmine is a reversible cholinesterase inhibitor that can be used, among other things, to reverse the effects of atropine overdose.
Mnemonics and mindmaps are also another great way to commit pharmacology to memory. But if you’d like to learn more about specific drug classes, check out these more detailed articles for more information.
Check out last week's pharmacology facts here!