Each week we compile all the latest pharmacology facts released on our social media platforms. This is great pharmacology for students, as these facts are bite-sized, random, and often important facts that all students of medicine should commit to memory.
- Loop diuretics include bumetanide, furosemide, and torsemide. Thiazide diuretics include bendroflumethiazide.
- Indapamide, chlorthalidone, and metolazone are all thiazide-like
- Potassium-sparing diuretics include amiloride and spironolactone.
- Ethinyl estradiol is a form of estrogen and norethindrone is a form of progesterone. They are used together to treat menopausal symptoms and to prevent osteoporosis.
- Buspirone is an anxiolytic drug of the azapirone class and a partial agonist of 5-HT1A It is, unlike many other anxiolytic drugs, not associated with withdrawal symptoms.
- Ultra-Long-Acting Beta Agonists (Ultra-LABAs) include indacaterol, olodaterol, and vilanterol (a drug combined with either fluticasone or umeclidinium).
- Domperidone is a selective D2 receptor antagonist. Uses: antiemetic and gastroprokinetic agent. Side effects include dry mouth, headache, and dizziness.
- A galactagogue is a substance that promotes lactation in humans. Examples include metoclopramide and domperidone (due to D2 blockade).
- Triamcinolone is a long-acting synthetic corticosteroid used for a wide variety of conditions - psoriasis, arthritis, ulcerative colitis etc.
- Reye's syndrome, a severe illness characterized by encephalopathy and fatty liver, can occur in young patients who take aspirin.
- Mannitol is used to reduce intracranial pressure following trauma/illness. It is also used as a laxative, belonging to the osmotic class.
Mnemonics and mindmaps are also another great way to commit pharmacology to memory. But if you’d like to learn more about specific drug classes, check out these more detailed articles for more information.
Check out last week's pharmacology facts here!